Dementia is a progressive neurological disorder affecting the way a person communicates, feels, thinks, or functions. Person often experience memory loss, cognitive impairment and inability to perform everyday tasks. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of Dementia, signified by irreversible changes in brain and reduced cognitive abilities.
Learning the effect of emotions and actions on individuals suffering from this condition is important when treating it. Promoting people's personal and social well-being should be the focus of people who are willing to help it. Compared to others, the world around the individual is very difficult which leads to interpersonal and social incompetence. Each individual's personality, desires and life experience is special and emotions should be well concentrated on rather than valuing what the person knows. The person's everyday routine should be changed so they feel safe and relaxed. Interaction ways will reduce the person's anxiety and anger, and should be adjusted accordingly.
Spending time with the friends and family helps a lot to relax and revive their old memories. They are able to remember past instances in a pleasant setting despite having gaps in memories. Using cheerful music will reduce anxiety, make them feel involved and relieve their pain. Staying calm, versatile and imaginative when interacting with the other not only strengthens the bonding but also helps to alleviate distress.
A common belief is that dementia is related to memory loss but certain disease types show long-lasting changes in personality. Many mood and behavioral disorder can develop in person due to the neurological decline. Person may have confidence issues or experience hallucinations and delusions with people around. In the extreme stage of the disorder, it is common for patients to be unable to perform daily activities and they are dependent on others even for toilet or dressing. Compassion and empathy are the secret to preserving stable relationships and the same is true when coping with a dementia-stricken person.
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Establishing a daily routine with versatility of the dome for random activities keeps patient occupied while helping him stay refreshed. Tasks can take a little longer than usual and more time should be allocated to a given task, based on anticipation. The person should be involved in routine tasks but only by providing specific and granular instructions for assistance. Distraction should be reduced when talking to people with dementia in order to stay focused. Chance of injury to individuals is more than normal due to lack of expertise in problem solving and ability to judge. They should be given a protected space to avoid falls, locks should be installed in high-risk areas and precautionary measures should be taken to avoid fire-related incidents.
If the individual in his family is the bread earner, it can be difficult for them to handle finances with which people around him would be ready to support. I also have no optimistic future outlook for the individual, they should be encouraged to make informed decisions and remain positive.
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